Key Radio KM Series
Amateur Conversion Information

by Tom Grady G6IGA copyright 1998-2012

All registered trademarks are acknowledged

Key KM150 (KG105) Radio

The Key (Kyodo) Radio is an extremely versatile PMR or trunked radio set, which can be converted and utilised for many amateur radio bands (70cm,2m,4m).
        Key KM450 Service Manual in pdf format

Key 2732 Eprom Coding
Channel #1 Address01234 56789AB CDEF
Channel Data - example 145.025 Tx 145.625 RxF2F1F5FB F0FCF3F0F2F0FBF9 F0FCF3F0
Channel #2 Address1011121314 15161718191A1B 1C1D1E1F
Channel Data - example 145.050 Tx 145.650 RxF4F1F5FB F0FCF3F0F4F0FB F9F0FCF3F0

    This is the easy bit ... some preconfigured files to blow straight into a 2732 Eprom

  • 70cms eprom binary code - 70cms 80 channel RB0-RB15 repeaters, simplex, packet (reverse repeaters, internet linking and Low Power Repeaters in 2nd 40 bank) Channel Listing

  • 70cms eprom binary code - 70cms 32 channel RB0-RB15 repeaters, (Simplex and Low Power Repeaters in 2nd 16 bank) Channel Listing

  • 70cms eprom binary code - 70cms 16 channel RB0-RB15 repeaters Channel Listing

  • 70cms eprom binary code - 70cms 16 channel internet linking frequencies Channel Listing

  • 2 Metres eprom binary code - 2 metres 80 channel ( 40 channels + reverse repeater in 2nd 40 bank) Channel Listing

  • 2 Metres eprom binary code - 2 metres 80 channel (new 12.5 Khz spec + reverse repeater) Channel Listing

  • 4 Metres eprom binary code - 4 metres 40 channel ( all 12k5 channels ) Channel Listing

  • 4 Metres eprom binary code - 4 metres 16 channel ( 16 channels ) Channel Listing
  • Pete Baston's / Richard Newton G0EWH - Key KM150 and 450 eprom code generator program this is for generating your own frequencies / codes (coding not valid on other models!)

  • Pete Baston's Key KM80 eprom code generator program this is for generating your own frequencies / codes (coding not valid on other models!)

  • Pete Baston's Ericsson Kyodo KG107 eprom code generator program this is for generating your own frequencies / codes (coding not valid on other models!) please note this picture is here purely for reference, this page does not cover conversion of this model

  • Ericsson Kyodo KG107 Radio

    Once a programmed eprom has been fitted - alignment of set

  • Important see circuit layout located on reverse of the top lid for location of components.

  • Make sure a shorting link (made from 5 x 0.1" pin header - CPC Order No.CN00870 or Maplin Order No. JW59P) is in place between pins 25 & 24 (audio) and 22 & 21 (PTT) if a option board i.e. CTCSS or 5-Tone board is not present on the front interfacing connector.

  • Without it you will not get any audio or PTT keying

  • Additionally you may also need the speaker linking plug fitted to the rear of the radio - again no audio without it

  • Key Shorting Link

  • Set radio as near to the middle channel as possible for best alignment (Maximum difference between highest and lowest channel is approx 8 to 10MHz).

  • Connect a voltmeter to Test Point 4 (see adding address lines diagram below) adjust the two VCO trimmer capacitors marked RX and TX, on the opposite side of the set through the covering plate. Look for 3 volts in both RX and TX mode (press PTT for TX mode the LED should light when the VCO has locked). If you do not get the results expected, have you removed the two thin wires sometimes mounted on the reverse side of the board behind the eprom socket.

  • Key VCO Adjustment

  • Adjust BPF1 (2 cores) & BPF2 (3 cores) the large Band Pass filters on the main board at the back of the set for best receive performance, the rest of the receiver L3,L2,T1,T2,T3 (IF section),FVR1 (max volume setting pot 5w/8ohms) should NOT need ANY adjustment.

  • Adjust FVR2 for the most suitable squelch opening point normally -119dBm for 12 Sinad.

  • Adjust FVR4 to maximum microphone sensitivity but LIMIT the overall TX deviation to 5KHz (25KHz system) or 2.5KHz (12.5KHz system) with FVR3.

  • Key RF Board Adjustments

  • To set final RX & TX frequency TCXO in top right hand corner of PLL board.

  • By removing the small screws underneath the PA section access to the PA compartment can be made, to adjust the transmit power level between 2.5 and 25 watts plus. It is important to correctly adjust the power protection circuit correctly, or otherwise damage to the PA can occur with a bad aerial load. FVR201 adjusts the output power, FVR202 adjusts the ALC power protector (Bad VSWR protection). To correctly set the output power, with a meter & dummy load attached, adjust FVR201 to 1/2 power about 12.5 watts. Read the collector voltage of transistor 2SA496 (top left corner of PA 'check' test pin) around 6 volts. Now remove the dummy load, adjust FVR201 back to maximum power, but adjust FV202 to limit it back down to the voltage you had previously. Replace the dummy load and adjust FVR201 to the maximum power you require without altering FVR202 again.

  • Replace PA cover.

  • Key PA Section Adjustment

    Fitting the extra goodies

    Adding a squelch pot to 40 channel trunk head

  • Remove top & bottom lids.

  • Remove 2 x large screws from sides of control head, Remove 6 x silver screws from brown PCB in back of head.

  • Be careful NOT to damage flexitrack when lifting up PCB.

  • Unsolder 2 white speaker leads from underside of PCB, remove white sleeving & cardboard insulator.

  • Remove 2 x standoff posts and locking screw in the middle of the PCB.

  • Remove 2 x screws from rear of power switch, ping off power switch cap with a knife.

  • Undo locking ring & washer around microphone socket.

  • Using allen keys remove the channel & volume knobs.

  • Unbolt the volume pot from PCB, be VERY careful with the flexitrack!

  • Remove 4k7 resistor from the small volume/squelch pot PCB.

  • Remove plastic blanking plug.

  • Add squelch pot, solder to PCB and bolt back in.

  • Reassemble.

  • Adding address lines to Key PLL board to increase set from 16 to 40 channels

  • Important - please do not start this modification unless you have a 40 channel trunking control head available

Key 40 channel Head

Key 16 channel Head

  • By swapping the control head from a 40 channel trunked radio, to a 16 channel PMR set, the following modifications will allow full 40 channel coverage of the amateur bands.
  • The diagram below also shows how to add two extra address lines to the PLL board to allow 40 channel operation instead of 16 channel working.

  • Fit 2 x 2k2 and 2 x '102' capacitors in the location show, remove the two thin wire links from the rear of the PLL board

  • Of course you will ALSO have to carry out the modifications to the interface board described next.

  • Key PLL Board

    Key PLL Board

    How to modify a 16 channel interface board to 40 channel amateur use, be careful check which type of board you have from the two diagrams below
  • Most of the radio needs to be disassembled to gain access to the interface board to prevent damage.

  • Remove top & bottom lids.

  • Remove 2 x large screws from front control head.

  • Remove 3 x screws holding in the PLL board with 2732 eprom.

  • Remove two left hand side screws & locking bar.

  • Disconnect two white connectors from main RF board.

  • Remove 4 x screws holding PA section from back of set, Important; note orientation of the two screening plate for reassembly. Also how pins from PA section lock back into the VCO & main RF board.

  • Turn set over and remove 4 x screws holding main RF board in, desolder thin coax from VCO to RF board, note location for resoldering on reassembly.

  • Remove RF board by pushing out board from chassis.

  • Remove 2 x screws & nuts holding in interface board.

  • Carry out modifications as listed below, check which type of board you have.

  • Key Showing Control Head Interface Board Layout

    Key 16 PMR to 40 channel PMR Conversion

    How to modify a 40 channel trunk interface board to 40 channels amateur use

    Key 40 Trunk to 40 PMR Conversion

    Key KM Series Microphone Wiring

    Key KM Microphone Wiring

    Key KM Series Speaker Wiring

    Key Speaker Connections

  • Note you could use a audio isolating transformer Maplins LB14Q plus approx 100k resistance connected to the speaker output to give a low level output to a PC sound card (for internet interfacing)

  • As an alternative tap off the input line on Pin4 of the TA7230P audio amp

  • Reverse repeater switching

  • Including in the preconfigured files are a second bank of 40 channels including a reverse repeater facility, below describes how to utilise it.

  • All that is required is to switch 5volts to the lifted (eprom pin bent out straight away from socket) pin 19 of the 2732 which switches the bank from 0000 to 0400 where the second set of channels are located.

  • You use either the MONITOR switch on the back of the microphone (Pin 8) or the RESET button on the top of the microphone (Pin 13) to activate the facility. Also both can be combined for the best of each method.

  • Key Reverse Repeater Switching

    Key Reverse Repeater Switching

    Key Reverse Repeater Switching

    Key Data Interfacing

  • Below is a prototype veroboard circuit to interface to the internet or any other sort data interface.

  • Squelch Detect, Tx Audio, Rx Audio (resistance or audio isolating transformer may be required to reduce level further), PTT Line and Ground.

  • Key Data Interfacing

    Key Data Interfacing

    1750Hz Tone Burst

  • Below is a prototype veroboard circuit to generate a 1750Hz toneburst (reverse repeater switching also included) which can be built on veroboard and fitted to the interface connector inside the Key radio.

  • It is designed to activate when the CALL button is pressed.

  • Please note only found to work with the Mark2 microphone, i.e.rubber capped Call/Reset buttons, NOT the older separate microswitch type. This model allowed dirt down into the buttons and made them high resistance. This design uses the earth path generated when pressing the buttons to activate the circuit, if they are high resistance it will not work.

  • Important note:- Most UK Repeaters (25KHz spec) need 3KHz deviation of the 1750Hz toneburst to open, please make sure you set the deviation accordingly.

    1750Hz Key Tone Burst Circuit

    1750Hz Key Tone Burst Board

    Details of additional facilities modules

    Board with 6303 processor + FX419 FSK decoder

  • Band 3 trunking signalling board made by

    Fylde Microsystems Ltd
    8 Avroe Crescent
    Blackpool Business Park
    FY4 2DP

    (01253) 407040

    - marked with label in format '002/01/0*****' - the Electronic Security Number (ESN) label.

  • CT1 CTCSS original analogue module

  • VR 1 - CTCSS frequency.

  • VR 2 - Output level.

  • VR 3 - Level of warble.

  • Link 1 - Mic hookswitch monitor.

  • Link 2 - Unkey delay for squelch tail elimination.

  • Link 3 - Carrier lockout for repeater operation.

  • Link 4 - PTT timer.

  • Link 5 - Warble tone.

  • CT4 CTCSS updated digital module

  • VR 1 - Output level.

  • Link 1 - Repeater lockout.

  • Link 2 - Time out timer.

  • Link 3 - Monitor switch deactivate.

    Below is the chart to select the correct CTCSS tone on the CT4 & the ST1A/ST2A tone boards

CTCSS Tone Chart

    ST1A/ST2A Link programmable 5-Tone + CTCSS module

  • 5-Tone module (model S1503 - selcall en/decoder) part of this unit is manufactured by Sigtec

  • VR1 - CTCSS deviation.

  • VR2 - Alert tone level.

  • Link 1 - Make for No CTCSS lockout.

  • Link 2 - Make for no time out timer.

  • Link 3 - Make for no CTCSS monitor.

  • Link 4 - Make for display On.

  • Link 5 - Make for display off, flashing off when called.

  • Link 6 - Make for display on flashing off when called.

  • Link 7 - Make for no TX when RX muted by selcall.

  • Note Make either LK4,5,6 or if none are made the display is off. (LK6 made when supplied)

  • TS - Tonesets (0)CCIR (1)EEA (2)EIA (3)ZVEI-1 (4)ZVEI-2 (5)ZVEI-3 (6)NATEL

  • TP - Tone Period (0)20ms (1)33ms (2)40ms (3)70ms (4)100ms

  • LD - Lead In Delay (N/C)500ms (0)100ms (1)200ms (2)500ms (3)1000ms (4)2000ms

  • R1,R2,R3,R4,R5 - Receive Code

  • T1,T2,T3,T4,T5 - Transmit Code

  • R1,R2,R3,T1,T2,T3 - Selected by wire links

  • R4,R5,T4,T5 - Selected by solder bridging network

  • B - Phase of decode output can be reversed by solder bridging point marked 'B'

  • ST3 Eprom programmable 5-Tone module

  • Made to order unit for the JRC power industries band, no details of programming available from Key Radio or JRC.

  • Links

  • OH3TR Tampere University of Technology Ham Radio Club Key 450MHz handportable (KC450HT) modifications from Finland

  • IW1PUR Italian Key Radio Conversion Page This page goes international translated into Italian

  • by Tom Grady G6IGA copyright 1998-2012

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